A field manual of camel diseases

Traditional and modern veterinary care for the dromedary

Ilse Köhler-Rollefson, Paul Mundy and Evelyn Mathias, 2001

The one-humped camel, or dromedary, is one of the world’s hardiest domesticated animals. A vital source of transport, meat, milk and income for pastoralists in the Sahel, East Africa, the Middle East and South Asia, the camel can carry heavy loads for days in some of the world’s most hostile conditions. But even camels fall ill.

A Field Manual of Camel Diseases is the first practical guide to camel diseases designed for use in low technology environments. The manual details some 80 major camel diseases and conditions, ranging from abortions to wry neck syndrome. For each disease, the authors give the disease signs, its causes, and simple prevention and treatment methods. Both scientific and tried and tested traditional treatments are presented, thus enabling the veterinarian or livestock practitioner to make the most appropriate choice in the prevailing circumstances. A section on procedures explains how to examine a camel, take samples for laboratory analysis and apply various types of medicines.

bulletWritten in straightforward language, avoiding scientific terminology wherever possible.
bulletTechnical vocabulary is explained in a comprehensive glossary.
bulletOrganised by the symptom or sign of the disease and the part of the body most affected to help rapid identification.
bulletLocal and scientific names of diseases and plants are given, enabling enhanced communication and understanding between pastoralist and veterinarian.
bulletA list of common medicines and their dosages acts as an aide-memoire.
bulletIllustrated throughout by artists familiar with camels to show clearly the diseases and how to treat them.

Contents

Front matter

bulletAcknowledgements
bulletContents
bulletContributors
bulletIntroduction

Managing and treating camels

bulletTraditional management systems
bulletHow to keep camels healthy
bulletCommon diseases
bulletHow to examine a camel
bulletDiagnosing and treating diseases
bulletParts of a camel
bulletEstimating a camel’s weight and age
bulletEquipment and medicines
bulletUsing the right amount of medicine
bulletAdministering medicines
bulletRestraining
bulletSedation and anaesthesia
bulletSurgery
bulletHow to collect samples for testing
bulletChecking for diseases in the laboratory
bulletUsing medicines and pesticides
bulletTraditional medicines
bulletBranding
bulletSelecting camels
bulletDiseases that people can catch from camels

Skin problems

bulletMange
bulletContagious skin necrosis
bulletRingworm
bulletPox
bulletOrf
bulletTicks
bulletDermatophilosis
bulletBites and stings
bulletWounds and burns
bulletSkin abscesses
bulletAbscesses on the lymph nodes
bulletSaddle sores
bulletChest-pad abscess
bulletDermoids

Problems of the head and neck

bulletEye problems
bulletEar infection
bulletTorn nostrils
bulletBlisters in the mouth
bulletInjured dulaa
bulletTeeth problems
bulletBroken jaw
bulletWry neck
bulletGoitre

Problems of the legs, feet and tail

bulletBroken bones
bulletArthritis
bulletStringhalt
bulletMyopathy
bulletChest sprain
bulletFoot problems
bulletTail gangrene

Problems of the nose and lungs

bulletCoughs, colds and pneumonia
bulletLeeches
bulletNasal bots
bulletLungworms
bulletHydatid disease

Problems of the stomach and intestines

bulletInternal parasites (worms)
bulletDiarrhoea
bulletHaemorrhagic enteritis
bulletConstipation
bulletBlocked intestines
bulletSwallowed objects
bulletBloat
bulletIndigestion

Infectious diseases

bulletTrypanosomiasis
bulletHaemorrhagic septicaemia
bulletSwollen glands, khanid
bulletHaemorrhagic disease
bulletAnthrax
bulletBlackquarter
bulletTetanus
bulletRabies
bulletRift Valley fever

Non-infectious diseases

bulletRed urine
bulletSunstroke
bulletPlant poisoning
bulletSnake bite
bulletAllergy
bulletPica
bulletDowner
bulletDry coat
bulletDipetalonemiasis
bulletOedema

Reproduction

bulletPregnancy and birth
bulletDifficult birth
bulletRetained afterbirth
bulletProlapse of the womb
bulletPoor mothering and fostering
bulletMastitis
bulletFemale sterility
bulletAbortion
bulletRutting
bulletBreeding-bull problems
bulletCastration

Calves

bulletCare of newborn calves
bulletNavel ill
bulletCalf diarrhoea
bulletColibaccilosis
bulletSalmonellosis
bulletSaam

Appendices

bulletMedicinal plants
bulletCommon medicines
bulletUnits of measurement
bulletParticipant profiles
bulletResource organizations
bulletGlossary
bulletBibliography
bulletIndex

Reviews

"I wanted to thank you for... such a valuable book.  I have already [used]  it quite a
bit to help with questions posed to me thru AllCamels.com." 

-- Becky R. Izen, Webmaster, AllCamels.com

Review from Spore 95, www.agricta.org/Spore/spore95/spore95_publi.html 

Care for your camels 

Did you know that the camel is the most efficient domesticated animal for converting fodder into work, transport, milk and meat? 

Veterinary services are rare in camel-herding areas (which include the Sahel and East Africa), warn the authors of this practical guide to caring for the single-humped camel, the dromedary. The manual is not intended to replace such services, but to ease communication and cooperation between the pastoralist, the vet and other specialists, in part by preventive care and early diagnosis. Ninety ailments are described, according to symptom and the affected part of the body, in a clear and concise style, making much use of common, local and scientific terms. 

The basis of the book is an intensive ‘Write-In’ session of twenty practitioners from Africa, and West and South Asia who came together at a writing workshop in 1997, to pool and produce texts and drawings. Their knowledge will radiate far with this splendid guide. 

Ilse Köhler-Rollefson, Paul Mundy and Evelyn Mathias. 2001. A field manual of camel diseases: Traditional and modern veterinary care for the dromedary. Published by ITDG Publishing and the League for Pastoral Peoples. 246 x 177 mm, 254 pages. ISBN: 185339503X. 

Price: GB pounds 12.95 or US$ 22.50 + postage.

Availability

Obtainable direct from the publisher: 

Also obtainable from:

bulletAmazon.com www.amazon.com/exec/obidos/ASIN/185339503X/qid%3D998470462/107-5857017-1262157
bulletBlackwells http://bookshop.blackwell.co.uk/
bulletBarnes & Noble http://www.bn.com/