(Biocultural) Community Protocols are documents produced by local communities about the biological diversity they create and conserve. They are an important means for local people to claim their rights under national and international law, especially though the Nagoya Protocol to the Convention on Biological Diversity. They are intended to ensure that recognition and benefits flow to indigenous and local communities for their role in conserving in the conservation and sustainable use of genetic resources.
Community protocols also have many other uses: telling the outside world about the community’s role in conserving biological diversity, documenting traditional knowledge and raising awareness among community members about their unique livestock and livelihood system.
BCPs for pastoralists were pioneered in India in 2009 by the Raika community, with support from our partner organizations Lokhit Pashu-Palak Sansthan (www.lpps.org) and Natural Justice (link). LPP advocates for wider use of the approach and has aided various members of the LIFE Network to implement BCPs, such as among the Samburu of Kenya, camel breeders of Rajasthan, Brela camel breeders in Pakistan, and many others.
On 26th November 2018 Natural Justice, The League for Pastoral Peoples and the ABS Initiative organized a successful Side event during COP 14 in Sharm El-Sheick, Egypt.
Community Protocols – Lessons Learned for ABS and Launching of the Biocultural Community Protocol Guidelines.
Dr. Jacob Wanyama represented the League for Pastoral Peoples and gave the presentation: “01_CBD-Egypt-BCP Experience-Sam_JW” (PDF)
On 17 th December 2018, the 73 Session of the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA 73) in New York adopted the UN Declaration on the Rights
of Peasants and Other People Working in Rural Areas. Now the declaration is an international legal instrument for the implementation in all countries all over the world since “Peasants Rights are Part of Human Rights”!
The long term process, initiated by the international peasant movement La Via Campesina, supported by numerous social movements and allied organizations, such as FIAN, CETIM and
especially Farmers Association of Schwäbisch Hall, Germany, who conducted the International Peasants Rights Congress in March 2017, has been a great source of inspiration and has strengthened the peasant communities in all regions of the globe.
Recent DW video about the current situation of Raika pastoralists in Rajasthan and how the support of LPP is trying to create a perspective for the camel herders.
LPP’s partner organization LPPS set up its first dairy project near Jaisalmer in 2008 selling camel milk locally mostly for Diabetes patients. In the context of the Ark Project (2011) LPP developed ideas for marketing and value addition of local livestock products also such as camel milk products. Over the years, Camel Charisma, a social enterprise that aims to promote and market environment friendly products from the camel, has developed variety of products from camel milk such as camel milk soap and camel milk ice cream. The microdairy project the Kumbhalgarh Camel Dairy, was set up in 2015. With great support of LPP members and friends the building of the camel dairy was built at the LPPS Camel Conservation Centre near Ranakpur, Rajasthan. The machines for pasteurization and cooling where bought and installed. The microdairy is using milk from areas where the camels graze on plants traditionally recognized as having medicinal properties. A special characteristic of camel milk is its health-effect for Diabetes patients and autistic children. The milk is collected daily from registered and monitored herds; as soon as it arrives in the dairy it is pasteurized then frozen for transportation to customers in Delhi and metros. The next objectives of the Camel Milk Project would be to optimize marketing strategies for camel milk products, to inform intensively about milk and food hygiene by trainings and workshops for local producers and to realize the production of new camel milk products such as camel cheese.
Projecting Pastoralism as a productive and ecological livestock system for the future
The value of pastoralism as a food production strategy without any inputs and its ecological benefits are now well established and interest has increased especially among groups that promote resilience. However, the progress in international fora in recognizing and acting upon this situation is agonizingly slow, and governments pay only lip service towards pastoralism. Even the organic movement does not recognize the advantages of pastoralism and some of its protagonists continue to associate pastoralism with drought, desertification and overgrazing. The overall goal of this project that is supported by Misereor is to project and establish pastoralism as a sustainable model for ecological and ethical livestock production in the future.
Camel milk dairy – ready to start!
The microdiary project the Kumbhalgarh Camel Dairy, was set up in 2015. It is using milk from areas where the camels graze on plants traditionally recognized as having medicinal properties. The milk is collected daily from registered and monitored herds; as soon as it arrives in the dairy it is pasteurized then frozen for transportation to customers in Delhi and metros.
With great support of LPP members and friends the building of the camel diary was built at the LPPS Camel Conservation Centre near Ranakpur, Rajasthan. The machines for pasteurization and cooling where bought and installed. And now India’s first microdiary started to sell camel milk.