Donner de la valeur ajoutée à la diversité du bétail pour promouvoir les races locales et améliorer les moyens d’existence

Partie 1: La laine et le cachemire
Partie 2: La viande et les peaux
Partie 3: Le lait
Partie 4: Analyse
De nombreuses races locales et espèces mineures de bétail sont en déclin et peuvent être perdues parce qu’elles ne peuvent pas faire face à la concurrence des races exotiques plus rentables. Il est important de conserver ces races: nombre d’entre elles ont des traits uniques comme par exemple la robustesse et la résistance aux maladies, toutes choses qui sont essentielles pour l’avenir de la production du bétail. Une voie pour aider à assurer leur survie peut consister à vendre les produits de ces races sur des marchés spécialisés à haute valeur.
Le Plan d’Action Mondial pour les Ressources Zoogénétiques reconnaît l’importance de l’accès au marché pour une utilisation durable de la diversité du bétail et lance un appel pour le développement de marchés pour les produits dérivés des espèces et races locales et pour le renforcement de processus susceptibles de donner de la valeur ajoutée à leurs produits.
La présente publication décrit huit exemples de commercialisation de produits du bétail (laine, cachemire, lait, viande et peaux) tirés de races locales de chameaux bactriens, de dromadaires, de chèvres et de moutons dans sept pays d’Afrique, d’Asie et d’Amérique Latine. Elle montre avec ces exemples, comment on a maintenu l’utilisation des races locales, tout en permettant aux petits éleveurs et aux pasteurs de continuer à les élever pour améliorer leurs moyens d’existence.

  • Title:
  • Author: Evelyn Mathias and Paul Mundy / Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations / 2010
  • Description: De nombreuses races locales et espèces mineures de bétail sont en déclin et peuvent être perdues parce qu’elles ne peuvent pas faire face à la concurrence des races exotiques plus rentables
  • Format: Zip
  • Pages: 160

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    Kuttapalayam Confirmation

    A group of non-government organizations has called on governments and international organizations to support the conservation of livestock breeds in their original habitats – and by the livestock-keeping groups that developed them.
    Members of the LIFE Network, a grouping of organizations focusing on local livestock breeds, made the call at a conference at Kuttapalayam, in Tamil Nadu, India, on 13-15 August 2010.
    The final statement from the conference calls on the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations to promote agro-ecosystems approaches to the management of animal genetic resources and support indigenous and local production systems. These goals are already incorporated in the Global Plan of Action on Animal Genetic Resources.
    The NGOs also demanded that livestock keepers be included in the debate about the future of livestock production and to be recognized as guardians of livestock biodiversity.
    The conference statement was signed by 21 NGOs from India, South Africa, Kenya, Spain and Germany.

  • Title: Kuttapalayam Confirmation
  • Author: LIFE Network / LIFE Network / 2010
  • Description: A group of non-government organizations has called on governments and international organizations to support the conservation of livestock breeds in their original habitats - and by the livestock-keeping groups that developed them
  • Format: Zip
  • Pages: 3

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    Adding value to livestock diversity: Marketing to promote local breeds and improve livelihoods

    Part 1: Wool and cashmere
    Part 2: Meat and hides
    Part 3: Milk
    Part 4: Analysis
    Many local livestock breeds and minor species are in decline and may be lost because they cannot compete with high-yielding exotic breeds. Conserving these breeds is important: many have unique traits, such as hardiness and disease resistance, that are vital for future livestock production. One way to help ensure their survival may be to sell products from these breeds to high-value, specialist markets.
    The Global Plan of Action for Animal Genetic Resources acknowledges the importance of market access to the sustainable use of livestock diversity and calls for development of markets for products derived from local species and breeds, and for strengthening processes that add value to their products.
    This publication describes eight examples of marketing of livestock products (wool, cashmere, milk, meat and hides) from local breeds of Bactrian camels, dromedaries, goats and sheep in seven countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America. It shows how they have kept local breeds in use, while enabling the small-scale livestock keepers and pastoralists who raise them to improve their livelihoods.

    http://www.fao.org/3/i1283e/i1283e00.htm

  • Title: Adding value to livestock diversity: Marketing to promote local breeds and improve livelihoods
  • Author: Evelyn Mathias and Paul Mundy / Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations / 2010
  • Description: Many local livestock breeds and minor species are in decline and may be lost because they cannot compete with high-yielding exotic breeds
  • Format: Zip
  • Pages: 158

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    Amagara geitu gemerezeibweho ente z’enyankore kandi nizo zitutungire tushemereire kwirinda kureeba ngu tizachwekyerera: Okuhandiika aha nte z’enzaarwa nitukoozesa ebiteekateeko by’abariisa kandi bakama baazo (LIFE approach)

    Description in Nkore language of Ankole cattle, compiled by herders in Nyabushozi, Kiruhura District, South Western Uganda. Contents:
    1. Description of Ankole cattle and breeding area
    2. Social and cultural context
    3. Livelihood significance
    4. Management and breeding
    5. Population trends

  • Title: Amagara geitu gemerezeibweho ente z’enyankore kandi nizo zitutungire tushemereire kwirinda kureeba ngu tizachwekyerera: Okuhandiika aha nte z’enzaarwa nitukoozesa ebiteekateeko by’abariisa kandi bakama baazo (LIFE approach)
  • Author: Elizabeth Katushabe / Pastoral and Environmental Network in the Horn of Africa (PENHA) / 2009
  • Description: Description in Nkore language of Ankole cattle, compiled by herders in Nyabushozi, Kiruhura District, South Western Uganda
  • Format: Zip
  • Pages: 31

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