Local breeds, livelihoods and livestock keepers’ rights in South Asia

In South Asia, and throughout the developing world, the predominant official approach to livestock development has been improvement of production by means of upgrading local breeds via cross-breeding with exotic animals. This strategy has led to the replacement and dilution of locally adapted breeds with non-native ones. This has resulted in an alarming loss that has been estimated by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations to amount to one breed every two weeks.
Based on selected case studies this paper argues that development strategies using locally adapted breeds and species are much more likely to benefit livestock keepers whilst also maintaining domestic animal diversity and bearing a smaller ecological footprint.
It also analyses the rationale for “Livestock Keepers’ Rights”, a principle that grew out of the struggle of traditional livestock keepers to retain control over their production resources, such as grazing areas and breeding stock, in the face of unfavourable policy environments.

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  • Title: Local breeds, livelihoods and livestock keepers’ rights in South Asia
  • Author: Ilse Köhler-Rollefson, H.S. Rathore and E. Mathias / Tropical Animal Health and Production / 2008
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    Protected areas and Livestock Keepers’ Rights

    “How to destroy biodiversity in protected areas?” asks this poster.
    “Easy! Just ban traditional grazing there.”
    Banning pastoralists from traditional grazing areas alters the balance of wildlife, making scarce species such as leopards, lions and bustards even scarcer.
    This poster outlines how pastoralists are fighting such bans. It was prepared for the Working Group on Protected Areas on 11-15 February 2008 in Rome.

  • Title: Protected areas and Livestock Keepers' Rights
  • Author: Ilse Koehler-Rollefson and Hanwant Singh Rathore / League for Pastoral Peoples and Endogenous Livestock Development / 2008
  • Description: How to destroy biodiversity in protected areas?
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  • Pages: 1

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    Livestock farming with nature: Poster

    “Pastoralists and small-scale livestock keepers are crucial to conserving farm animal genetic resources”, says this poster, presented by LPP at the 13th meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice of the Convention on Biological Diversity, 18-22 Feb 2008 in Rome.

  • Title: Livestock farming with nature: Poster
  • Author: Ilse Koehler-Rollefson, Evelyn Mathias, Hanwant Singh Rathore, P. Vivekanandan and Jacob Wanyama / Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity / 2008
  • Description: Pastoralists and small-scale livestock keepers are crucial to conserving farm animal genetic resources
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    Livestock farming with nature: Abstract

    Outlines the LIFE approach to documenting indigenous breeds, lobbying and advocacy for Livestock Keepers’ Rights, and exploring value addition and marketing for livestock products.
    In: Mainstreaming biodiversity issues into forestry and agriculture: Abstracts of poster presentations at the 13th meeting of the Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice of the Convention on Biological Diversity, 18-22 Feb 2008, Rome.

  • Title: Livestock farming with nature: Abstract
  • Author: Ilse Koehler-Rollefson, Evelyn Mathias, Hanwant Singh Rathore, P. Vivekanandan and Jacob Wanyama / Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity / 2008
  • Description: Outlines the LIFE approach to documenting indigenous breeds, lobbying and advocacy for Livestock Keepers' Rights, and exploring value addition and marketing for livestock products.
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  • Pages: 3

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    Advocating livestock keepers’ rights

    International Technical Conference on Animal Genetic Resources, Interlaken, Switzerland 1-7 September 2007. Details LPP’s work in the build-up to and during the conference, analyses the outcomes and outlines plans for future work.

  • Title: Advocating livestock keepers' rights
  • Author: LPP / League for Pastoral Peoples / 2007
  • Description: International Technical Conference on Animal Genetic Resources
  • Format: Pdf
  • Pages: 16

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